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In colonoscopy, also called colonoscopy or colonoscopy, the intestine is examined from the inside by inserting an elastic tube into the intestine, on the top of which a camera and a headlight are attached. This colonoscope can be controlled by the doctor during colonoscopy. In the case of a colonoscopy, the doctor can also insert small instruments over the tube, such as, for example, a sling, scissors or a net, in order to take samples or to cut off and remove polyps.
When is colonoscopy used?
Doctors recommend a colonoscopy as a preventive checkup from the age of 55 or if there have already been occurrences of colon cancer or colon polyps in the family. A colonoscopy can also be used to determine the causes of blood in the stool, persistent diarrhea, unexplained pain in the middle and lower abdomen or in the case of severe flatulence over a longer period of time. As a rule, the patient receives a laxative one day before the colonoscopy to completely empty the intestine and a sedative or anesthetic before the examination. (vb)
(Photo 1: Milton Oswald / fotolia.com)