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Diagnoses and therapies: New WHO guidelines in the fight against cancer


More information, earlier diagnoses, better treatment: new WHO guidelines against cancer
Around 14 million people worldwide develop cancer each year, and around 8.8 million die of it. On February 4th, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued new guidelines to help improve patients' chances of survival.

The number of cancers is increasing
According to the Center for Cancer Registry Data at the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), "around 14.1 million people are diagnosed with cancer (without white skin cancer) annually and around 8.2 million people die of it worldwide". There are also more and more new cancer cases in Germany. The number of new diagnoses in Germany has almost doubled since 1970. Experts warn that the number of cancer deaths among women in particular could increase dramatically. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued new guidelines on World Cancer Day (February 4) to improve the chances of survival.

New measures in the fight against cancer
The WHO, which puts the number of annual cancer deaths at 8.8 million, recommends three things: Authorities should provide better information about the symptoms of the various types of cancer.

Healthcare professionals such as doctors and nurses should receive better training to ensure accurate diagnoses. And last but not least, patients around the world should get the right therapy quickly without having to plunge into financial ruin.

Etienne Krug, WHO director of the non-communicable diseases department, in Geneva, said a message from the APA news agency: "If cancer is diagnosed late and patients cannot find the right treatment, they suffer unnecessarily and often die earlier than necessary. "

According to the information, the new measures should enable earlier diagnoses, especially in breast, uterine and colon cancer.

Treatment options are lacking in many countries around the world
According to the WHO, early diagnoses also make financial sense, since the treatment would then be significantly cheaper and many people could continue to work. As stated in the APA report, cancer diseases in 2010 would have caused costs of the equivalent of around one trillion euros due to treatment costs and productivity losses.

According to the WHO, the number of people who get cancer each year will increase to 21 million by 2030. The disease is currently the cause of every sixth death in the world.

According to the organization, two thirds of those affected today live in low- or middle-income countries. In less than a third of countries, patients could simply see a doctor and get treatment.

Lower personal cancer risk
On the occasion of World Cancer Day, health experts also pointed out ways to combat cancer through individual measures. A message from the Center for Cancer Registry Data summarizes some useful tips for reducing personal cancer risk:

- Do not smoke and ensure a smoke-free environment
- Exercise regularly and keep a healthy body weight
-Eat healthy and reduce your alcohol consumption
-Avoid too much sun exposure
Protect yourself against carcinogenic influences at the workplace by observing and complying with the prescribed safety regulations
-Inform yourself about the legal offers of cancer screening
- Get advice from your doctor about vaccination protection

"Prevention of cancer and health promotion for people with cancer are major challenges that can best be achieved if we perceive them as tasks for society as a whole," write the experts.

And further: "Everyone is required to make health-conscious decisions, as well as society as a whole to create health-promoting framework conditions." (Ad)

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